Quick Answer: What Are Some Examples Of Non Infectious Diseases?

What are 10 non infectious diseases?

Non-Communicable DiseasesAlzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•.

What are 5 infectious diseases?

Protect yourself and your family from preventable infectious diseasesCoronaviruses. … Diphtheria. … Ebola. … Flu (Influenza) … Hepatitis. … Hib Disease. … HIV/AIDS. … HPV (Human Papillomavirus)More items…

What are non infectious diseases give two examples?

Examples of non-infectious diseases include cancer, Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy.

Which NCD is projected to cause the most deaths by 2030?

CVDs are the #1 cause of death globally. Over 80% CVD deaths occur in low- and middle- income countries. By 2030, almost 25 million people will die from CVDs.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

Is allergy infectious or non infectious?

Allergens are not pathogens: why immunization against allergy differs from vaccination against infectious diseases.

What is the most common infectious disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are non infectious disease give example?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.

What is the most common non contagious disease?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

What is a non contagious disease?

Definition. Non Contagious Disease: This is a disease which is not easily transmitted from person to person. It may require the aid of a vector (e.g. a mosquito), or it may result from a shared environmental issue e.g. food poisoning or a common travel history.

Is hypertension a non communicable disease?

HYPERTENSION IS A MAJOR RISK FACTOR FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, THE MOST DEADLY NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASE. All with a vision for impact, scale and sustainability.

What are the 4 most common types of NCD?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

Is asthma a non infectious disease?

Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases. It is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them.

How can non infectious diseases be prevented?

Reducing the major risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol – is the focus of WHO’s work to prevent deaths from NCDs.

Which is the most contagious disease?

Common cold – This is the most highly contagious and the most common infectious disease in humans. This is an infection that has been a common thing since the existence of humanity.

What is the most rare disease?

Five rare diseases you never knew existedStoneman Syndrome. Frequency: one in two million people. … Alice In Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS) Frequency: currently unknown. … Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) Frequency: one in four million. … Alkaptonuria. Frequency: one in one million people globally. … Chronic Focal Encephalitis (Rasmussen’s Encephalitis)

What are 5 non infectious diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What causes non infectious diseases?

A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease. These diseases are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations. Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are non infectious diseases Class 9?

For example: Tuberculosis, tetanus, Common cold, AIDS, etc. Non-infectious Diseases: The disease which does not spread by contact between infected and healthy person through air and water, is called non-infectious disease. For example: Cancer, genetic abnormalities, high blood pressure, etc.