Quick Answer: How Can Hydronephrosis Be Prevented?

What are the different grades of hydronephrosis?

Typically, your doctor will describe your child’s hydronephrosis as mild, moderate or severe.

Sometimes hydronephrosis is given a grade of 1, 2, 3 or 4, with 1 representing very minimal dilation and 4 representing severe dilation.

Hydronephrosis may be present in one kidney (unilateral) or both kidneys (bilateral)..

What does hydronephrosis look like on ultrasound?

On the sonogram, hydronephrosis appears as branching, interconnected areas of decreased echogenicity (anechoic or black in general, indicating the presence of fluid) in the renal collecting system.

What is the best treatment for hydronephrosis?

Most people with hydronephrosis will have a procedure called catheterisation to drain the urine from their kidneys. Depending on the underlying cause, medication or surgery may be needed afterwards to correct the problem.

What foods should I avoid with hydronephrosis?

Here are 17 foods that you should likely avoid on a renal diet.Dark-colored soda. In addition to the calories and sugar that sodas provide, they harbor additives that contain phosphorus, especially dark-colored sodas. … Avocados. … Canned foods. … Whole wheat bread. … Brown rice. … Bananas. … Dairy. … Oranges and orange juice.More items…

How long does hydronephrosis last?

Kidney function will begin decreasing almost immediately with the onset of hydronephrosis but is reversible if the swelling resolves. Usually kidneys recover well even if there is an obstruction lasting up to 6 weeks.

What foods help with hydronephrosis?

You can do this by:Choosing foods with low levels of phosphorous (look for “PHOS” on the label)Eating more fresh fruits and veggies.Choosing corn and rice cereals.Drinking light-colored sodas.Cutting back on meat, poultry, and fish.Limiting dairy foods.

Is drinking a lot of water good for your kidneys?

When you drink too much water, your kidneys can’t get rid of the excess water. The sodium content of your blood becomes diluted. This is called hyponatremia and it can be life-threatening.

What is considered severe hydronephrosis?

If a child has more severe hydronephrosis, they may experience one or more of the following symptoms: Abdominal pain with nausea and/or vomiting, especially after large fluid intakes. Flank pain (just above the hipbone slightly to the back). Hematuria (blood in their urine). Urinary tract infections.

How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?

Hydronephrosis is usually diagnosed using an ultrasound scan. Further tests may be needed to find out the cause of the condition. An ultrasound scan uses sound waves to create a picture of the inside of your kidneys. If your kidneys are swollen, this should show up clearly.

Is hydronephrosis genetic?

Minimal hydronephrosis is not genetic and is not hereditary. However, hydronephrosis may coincidentally occur in future pregnancies. If UPJ obstruction is determined to be the cause of the hydronephrosis, the chances for future children with the same obstruction may be as high as 50 percent.

How do you fix hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. A kidney stone can pass through by itself or might be severe enough to require removal with surgery.

What is the first sign of kidney problems?

If you experience early signs of kidney disease, they may include: decreased urine output. fluid retention that leads to swelling in limbs. shortness of breath.

Can hydronephrosis resolve itself?

Although surgery is sometimes needed, hydronephrosis often resolves on its own. Mild to moderate hydronephrosis. Your doctor may opt for a wait-and-see approach to see if you get better on your own. Even so, your doctor may recommend preventive antibiotic therapy to lower the risk of urinary tract infections.

How do you treat an enlarged kidney?

Treatment may include:Placing a stent (tube) through the bladder and ureter to allow urine to flow from the kidney into the bladder.Placing a tube into the kidney through the skin, to allow the blocked urine to drain out of the body into a drainage bag.Antibiotics for infections.More items…•

Is hydronephrosis life threatening?

It is important to seek help if you experience this condition, since untreated hydronephrosis can lead to permanent loss of kidney function, a life-threatening condition.

What is the surgery for hydronephrosis?

The most common surgical procedure is pyeloplasty. This repairs the most common type of blockage that causes hydronephrosis: ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJ). In pyeloplasty, the surgeon will remove the narrowed or obstructed part of the ureter.

What is the main cause of hydronephrosis?

The most common cause for this blockage is a kidney stone, but scarring and blood clots can also cause acute unilateral obstructive uropathy. A blocked ureter can cause urine to go back up into the kidney, which causes swelling. This backflow of urine is known as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR).

Can dehydration cause hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is the dilation or swelling of kidneys because of a blockage that stops urine from flowing out of the body. Hydronephrosis can be cured, depending on the cause. Complications include urinary infections, high blood pressure, kidney failure, and dehydration.