Question: What Do Chloroplasts And Mitochondria Have In Common Quizlet?

What three things do mitochondria and prokaryotic bacteria have in common?

Even though both organelles are found in eukaryotic cells, both mitochondria and chloroplast have characteristics often found in prokaryotic cells.

These prokaryotic cell characteristics include: an enclosed double membrane, circular DNA, and bacteria-like ribosomes..

What do mitochondrial and thylakoid membranes have in common answers com?

Explanation; Mitochondria and thylakoid membranes are both responsible for the synthesis of energy in the form of ATP, using the enzyme ATP synthase. Mitochondrion is an organelle that is present in all living cells, whose role is to produce energy through a process of cellular respiration.

What are the similarities between mitochondria and bacteria?

Most important are the many striking similarities between prokaryotes (like bacteria) and mitochondria: Membranes — Mitochondria have their own cell membranes, just like a prokaryotic cell does. DNA — Each mitochondrion has its own circular DNA genome, like a bacteria’s genome, but much smaller.

How many membranes do mitochondria have?

twoAs previously mentioned, mitochondria contain two major membranes. The outer mitochondrial membrane fully surrounds the inner membrane, with a small intermembrane space in between.

What are the 3 functions of the cytoskeleton?

Through a series of intercellular proteins, the cytoskeleton gives a cell its shape, offers support, and facilitates movement through three main components: microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules.

What is the primary function of the mitochondria quizlet?

What is the primary function of the mitochondria? They are the main sites of ATP production. Mitochondria are threadlike or lozenge-shaped membranous organelles. In living cells they squirm, elongate, and change shape almost continuously.

What gas is an end product derived from the breakdown of sugar?

This energy is derived from the chemical bond energy in food molecules, which thereby serve as fuel for cells. Sugars are particularly important fuel molecules, and they are oxidized in small steps to carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (Figure 2-69).

Where is most of ATP produced?

mitochondriaThe Krebs cycle takes place inside the mitochondria. The Krebs cycle produces the CO2 that you breath out. This stage produces most of the energy ( 34 ATP molecules, compared to only 2 ATP for glycolysis and 2 ATP for Krebs cycle). The electron transport chain takes place in the mitochondria.

What similarities do mitochondria and chloroplasts share quizlet?

What similarities do mitochondria and chloroplasts share? Both membranes-bound organelles have their own DNA and help make energy available to the cell. Describe how the endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondrion, and Golgi apparatus are structurally similar. All are composed of membrane-enclosed chambers.

What do mitochondria and thylakoid membranes have in common?

Answer and Explanation: The mitochondrial membrane and thylakoids membranes have a couple things in common: Both membranes contain ATP Synthase Proteins.

What are the two main functions of the cytoskeleton?

The cytoskeleton functions to:1) give shape to cells lacking a cell wall;2) allow for cell movement,e.g. , the crawling movement of white blood cells and amoebas or the contraction of muscle cells;3) movement of organelles within the cell and endocytosis;More items…

Which structures are involved in cell movement quizlet?

Structures Involved with Cell Motilitycentrioles.flagella.cilia.basal bodies.

What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts quizlet?

In mitochondria, ATP is produced as a result of oxidation and foodstuffs, and is used as an energy source for metabolic processes. In chloroplasts, ATP is produced as a result of harvesting energy from light. In chloroplasts, the ATP is used in the fixation of CO2 into sugars.

How do the mitochondria and chloroplasts work together?

How do the chloroplast and mitochondria work together to keep plant cells alive? Chloroplasts convert sunlight into food during photosynthesis, then mitochondria makes energy out of the food in the form of ATP. where critical chemical reactions occur in the cell that allow for the release of energy from food.

Do bacteria have ER?

many membrane bound organelles- lysosomes, mitochondria (with small ribosomes), golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus. Large ribosomes in cytoplasm and on rough ER. … Bacteria, of course, have no nucleus and therefore also nuclear membrane.

Do E coli have mitochondria?

Bacteria: More on Morphology View the transmission electron micrograph of a typical bacterium, E. … Bacteria do not contain membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria or chloroplasts, as eukaryotes do.

What does the mitochondria and chloroplast have in common?

Both cristae and mesosomes function in aerobic cellular respiration. Cellular respiration generates energy for the cell or organism. … Chloroplasts, like mitochondria, produce energy for plant cells. Both mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own circular DNA and can function independently of the eukaryotic host cell.

How are mitochondria and chloroplasts similar and different?

Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles found in a plant cell. However, chloroplast is absent in an animal but mitochondria is found in both. Mitochondria generates energy for the cell in the form of ATP using oxygen and nutrients. Chloroplast is the site for photosynthesis in a plant cell.