Question: How Is Mental Retardation Diagnosed?

What is the leading cause of mental retardation in newborns?

Fetal alcohol syndrome is now leading cause of mental retardation..

What is the new name for mental retardation?

In the United States, a federal statute (Public Law 111-256, Rosa’s law) replaces the term ‘mental retardation’ with ‘intellectual disability’ and requires that person first language be used when referring to those affected in all federal laws.

What is mental retardation in special education?

Children at the level of educable mental retardation (EMR) are defined by the schools as those who cannot adapt or respond to regular instruction because of subaverage intellectual functioning (generally in the 50 to 70 IQ range), but who have the potential for learning basic academic skills at approximately the first- …

Can a person with mental retardation live alone?

Most of the estimated 7.5 million Americans with mental retardation live on their own, with parents or with siblings and do not show up on the government’s waiting lists. Another significant group — in 2000, slightly less than half a million people — live in group or institutional settings.

How is child mental retardation diagnosed?

Mental retardation begins in childhood or adolescence before the age of 18. In most cases, it persists throughout adulthood. A diagnosis of mental retardation is made if an individual has an intellectual functioning level well below average and significant limitations in two or more adaptive skill areas.

Is mental retardation genetic?

Mental retardation is caused by a number of different factors. Among genetic disorders, Fragile X syndrome and Down syndrome are the commonest causes of mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an inherited form of mental retardation. FXS is estimated to affect 1 in 2,500 males and 1 in 8,000 females.

At what age is mental retardation diagnosed?

When is the diagnosis made? The onset of mental retardation is in childhood, before 18 years of age. The diagnosis is generally made after infancy, between the preschool and school-age periods. Sometimes the diagnosis may be made later, at the time when a thorough assessment is performed.

How do you raise a child with intellectual disability?

Encourage independence in your child. For example, help your child learn daily care skills, such as dressing, feeding him or herself, using the bathroom, and grooming. Give your child chores. Keep her age, attention span, and abilities in mind.

Is mental retardation still a diagnosis?

In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the APA replaced “mental retardation” with “intellectual disability (intellectual developmental disorder).” The APA included the parenthetical name “(intellectual developmental disorder)” to indicate that the diagnosed deficits …

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

How can we prevent mental retardation?

7 Tips to Prevent Mental RetardationFind Out About Down Syndrome. … Promptly Treat Phenylketonuria (PKU) … Abstain From Alcohol During Pregnancy. … Help Your Kid Avoid Lead Poisoning. … Stay Healthy During Pregnancy. … Report Child Abuse and Neglect.

Is mental retardation a birth defect?

What is Down syndrome? Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that includes a combination of birth defects, including some degree of mental retardation, characteristic facial features and, often, heart defects, visual and hearing impairment, and other health problems.

What is mental retardation and types?

The onset of the condition occurs during the developmental period, i.e., gestation through age 18 years. Mental retardation comprises five general categories: borderline, mild, moderate, severe and profound. Categories are based on scores obtained through use of age-standardized tests of cognitive ability (Table 1).

Is ADHD an intellectual disability?

Some mental health, neurodevelopmental, medical and physical conditions frequently co-occur in individuals with intellectual disability, including cerebral palsy, epilepsy, ADHD, autism spectrum disorder and depression and anxiety disorders.

Is Autism considered an intellectual disability?

About 1% of the general population is thought to have intellectual disability, and about 10% of individuals with intellectual disability have Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or autistic traits. However, a much higher percentage of individuals with ASD have intellectual disability3.

How do you test for mental retardation?

If a baby has physical abnormalities that suggest a genetic or metabolic disorder, a variety of tests may be done to confirm the diagnosis. These include blood tests, urine tests, imaging tests to look for structural problems in the brain, or electroencephalogram (EEG) to look for evidence of seizures.

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”